Tag Archives: composting how to

A Tale of Two Bins (article repost)

Originally found at: https://foofycrafts.wordpress.com/2015/03/13/a-tale-of-two-bins/

Recently Hannah wrote a post on her experience with getting started composting and linked to my video.  I thought I’d repost her blog here.

If you try the bucket method and it doesn’t appear to get results, try using a larger container such as a trash can.  The bigger the vessel, the better your results will be.

Anyway, here’s her post.  Keep up the good work, Hannah!

It’s amazing how much waste we can generate in a single day. Throwing out that old toothpaste tube, wiping down the sink with a paper towel, grabbing coffee in a to-go cup, unwrapping a protein bar. Wow. That’s only the beginning! We go through the day and leave little bits and pieces of our waste everywhere. We pass myriads of trash cans. We move those cans into bigger containers until there are no larger containers so we try and bury it. Burn it. Dump it into our delicate creeks, rivers and oceans. Launch it into space?

Seems pretty hopeless.

But change does happen one step at a time. I did some research and decided on the first step. Composting. It seemed like the best way to start. Taking food scraps and other organic matter and trying to turn it into a nutrient rich substance that would be good for upcoming spring gardening projects I have planned. My first question was: “How the hell am I going to compost? I live in a tiny apartment!”. Low and behold, there were articles for that too! I did find that my apartment was at an advantage because we do have a small balcony but I also found that for apartments that don’t have balconies there are services that will pick up your urban compost for free or at a very low cost.

There is this great video about composting that teaches you how to start a compost bin with two nesting buckets and very few other resources.

Of course, everything seems easier and more magical on the internet so when I actually assembled my compost bins it took an extra five minutes for punching the holes on the sides. It was pretty fulfilling to have the two buckets ready to go.

Some extra tips! Buy some worm casings off amazon or at the hardware store, it really speeds up the process and is totally natural. Also, if at first the compost smells bad/weird don’t fret! It takes some time and patience to wait for the final product.The most important tip I found is to keep a second jar in the kitchen for food scraps so you don’t have to run to your outdoor bin every time.

Hopefully this will be ready in time for our window garden project!!

Lessons Learned: Composting is easier than we think!

Guide to Composting in the Winter (article)

Have you ever checked out the website earth911.com?  I’ve checked it out plenty when it comes to finding recycling avenues for anything imaginable…but I never thought to see if they had any material on composting.  It turns out that they do, and I’ve been asked a lot about starting a compost pile in the winter.  While composting isn’t easy in the wintertime, it is doable.  Let’s see what earth911 has to say about it in the article below…

Just as you started to get into a solid groove with your compost pile this past summer and fall, churning over plentiful amounts of that beautiful garden gold, BAM! Winter hits.

But don’t throw in the shovel just because a white blanket of snow or a hardened sheet of ice now sits atop your compost pile. To help you get through the winter and ready to go once spring returns, learn some of the ins-and-outs of winter composting.

Listen to the experts

According to the University of Illinois Extension, “Composting [is] a biological process that decomposes organic material under aerobic ([meaning] oxygen [is] required) conditions. […] Composting speeds up the natural process of decomposition, providing optimum conditions so that organic matter can break down more quickly.”

In other words, a compost pile is an intentional strategy to speed up the decomposition process that nature, left alone, would take years to accomplish. To decompose at the rapid pace described above, the U of I Extension asserts that a main goal when composting is to promote the existence and propagation of aerobic bacteria.

Luckily for you, these compost dwellers are not picky eaters. And when they eat, they can turn up the heat – literally. According to the U of I Extension, aerobic bacteria heat up a compost pile when they eat, through the chemical process called oxidation. They especially love the carbon-rich (often called brown) materials, which give them energy. Another essential ingredient for your pile, nitrogen-rich (often called green) materials, help the bacteria grow big and strong and reproduce.

But why all the talk about the nutrient needs and chemical processes of bacteria? These factors can help us better understand why in the winter, at least if you live in a cold spot, composting is a different beast than it was in those warmer months.

The winter slow down

It happens to humans, so why can’t it happen to bacteria? The gray dreariness that often makes us want to go into hibernation mode (if only work, life, etc. would let us) also affects aerobic bacteria, in a manner of speaking.

The University of Illinois Extension says “warmer outside temperatures in late spring, summer and early fall stimulate bacteria and speed up decomposition. Low winter temperatures will slow or temporarily stop the composting process.” But fear not: “As air temperatures warm up in the spring, microbial activity will resume.”

Because ambient air temperature affects the speed of decomposition, when the temps cool down, so too does the aforementioned oxidation process. Instead of the voracious eaters they were in the summer and early fall, aerobic bacteria revert to a calmer state.

Yet even when the temperature drops, microbes responsible for the breakdown of organic matter can remain active in the compost pile, according the Texas AgriLife Extension Service. The center of the pile can be warm and actively composting because of heat generated by bacteria, but the outer layers of your pile are at the mercy of the daily highs and lows.

Furthermore, a compost pile needs the right amount of air and water (in addition to carbon and nitrogen) to be successful. So, when that winter snow and spring rain keeps on coming, your pile can get drenched. While water in the summer may be a necessary amendment, too much winter water will force air out of pore spaces in your compost pile, suffocating our dear aerobic bacteria friends.

Strategies for success, despite the cold

Here, a cinder block structure surrounds a compost heap. A block structure is one way to maintain internal pile heat longer into the winter. Photo: University of Illinois Extension

There are measures you can take to protect your pile from the elements and keep it viable further into the winter months. Here are some suggestions:

1. Build a roof. You have one over your head, why can’t your pile? Control external environmental factors by protecting your compost pile from unwanted precipitation.

2. Block it in. You may have noticed that the car in the garage or in the carport tends to be less frost-ridden in the morning than the car parked in the street. Without the protection of the house or other built structure, the car in the street is exposed to a bigger swing in nighttime temperatures.

Same principle applies to your compost pile. If you compost with heaps, build a protective barrier around your pile. If you already compost in some type of holding unit, you (and your compost pile) are covered.

3. Lay down a tarp. Putting a tarp over your compost pile not only whisks away unwanted precipitation, but it also helps contain the internal heat from the pile where you want it – in the pile.

4. Make a bigger heap. Extend the longevity of your pile by prepping early. According to the University of Illinois Extension, “During [the] fall months, making a good sized heap will help the composting process work longer into the winter season.”

Holding units are an alternative to heap piles, and can help protect the compost from winter elements that tend to slow the decomposition process. Photo: University of Illinois Extension.

Because volume is a factor in retaining compost pile heat, the U of I Extension suggests that for those in the Midwest, piles should be at least one cubic yard. The Midwest gets pretty cold, so it’s likely safe to say that this measurement suggestion can apply elsewhere in the U.S.

5. Shred it. According to the Texas AgriLife Extension Service, “Shredding the material in the pile to particles less than two inches in size will allow [the pile] to heat more uniformly and will insulate it from outside temperature extremes.”

6. Dig a hole and bury it. Another tip from the Texas AgriLife Extension Service suggests digging a trench in the garden or flowerbed and adding organic wastes like kitchen scraps (hold the meat, grease or animal fat, please!) little by little, making sure to bury the waste after each addition.

Similarly, “compost-holing,” or digging a one-foot deep hole anywhere in the yard and covering with a board or bricks until full of organic wastes, is another strategy to beat the winter cold and keep on composting.

Right method for the right place

In the end, it is always important to consider what type of system works best for you. The area available for composting, seasonal climate, along with the time commitment you are willing to give to your pile, all impact the type of composting system that would work best. Always do your research when looking to start, continue, or try a new type of composting system.

Top Ten Secrets – #1 Compost, How and Why

Top Ten Secrets – #1 Compost, How and Why

This guy rules.  He goes over a number of different methods to get started composting, but what I like is his first method discussed is simply digging a hole.  This is how I got started, and I still like to bury food scraps from time to time in a pit just for fun.

He has great energy… I really like how he blasts store bought compost activators as a waste of time- they are.  They might work but they’re definitely not worth it.

Whether it’s a hole in the ground, a bin or a tumbler, you can get started composting quite easily and start turning your waste into a valuable resource.


How to Build a Compost Pile for Dummies

How to Build a Compost Pile For Dummies

Here’s a short, simple video on the basics for setting up a compost bin in the backyard.  Ignore the comments section, keep it simple and get started!

How to Make Balcony Composting Even Easier in 15 Minutes or Less

How to Make Balcony Composting Even Easier in 15 Minutes or Less

A guy by the name of “travelsignguy” often comments on my Youtube videos, offering feedback and suggestions.  Last week I posted the video “How to Start Balcony Composting in 15 Minutes or Less”, and he made a great process improvement suggestion right away.

I know I don’t like turning compost, and I don’t think anyone does.  He suggested to add a third bucket to alternate with the top bucket in the system.  Perfect!

In other words, drill holes in a third bucket on the sides and bottom, then each week dump the bucket with composting material into the empty bucket, and put that one into play.  By doing this, you’re effectively tumbling your compost.  The material is being completely overturned, and this is a great oxygen exchange as well.

Thanks, travelsignguy!

Another frequent watcher of my videos, “zetreque”, wanted me to explain leachate.  In short, we collect it in this system so that the excess moisture doesn’t build up inside the bucket.  This would create a soggy mess and counteract the process quite a bit.

Since the moisture drains through, it allows the contents to stay moist, but not soggy.  The leachate in the bottom most likely contains few beneficial microorganisms and may lean towards anaerobic.

You may wonder why many composter models have a collection unit of some sort, advertising compost tea as a byproduct.  While I’m not a compost tea expert, since the contents aren’t yet compost, the water running through isn’t going to be effective as compost tea.  However, when your compost is finished and is sitting in your tumbler or what have you, empty the collection and start it again…this time through you should have something you can work with if you act fast.

I always recommend Praxxus’ video E-Z Compost Tea to learn the simplest method for creating compost tea.  I hope this explains the difference between compost tea (made with finished compost and water) and leachate (wastewater that trickled through waste that’s in the composting process).

How to Start Balcony Composting in 15 Minutes or Less – Update 1

Balcony composting is a great way to compost in small spaces if you’re not the worm composting type.  Recently I posted a video on how to get started balcony composting in 15 minutes or less, and the response to the video has been great so far.

For the non-video people, I wanted to show you an updated picture of how it’s going.  Pictured above, is the two bucket system, and I found a piece of scrap trim from renovating the kitchen to use as an aerator.  So, how’s it looking?

Exciting, right?  While there’s plenty of room to add more food scraps and such, it’s already obtaining some nice toasty temperatures thus far…pretty cool!  I’m not sure how many updates I’ll have on this particular system, but if anything weird happens I’ll definitely post it up.

Speaking of weird, I started making another balcony composting video, starring a different composting method.  I’ll give you a hint- the video will be done in about six weeks, and it might stink really bad momentarily if all goes according to plan.  Any guesses as to what I’m referring to?  First person to guess the specific method will win a mystery prize from me (if they want). 🙂

Keep it dirty!


How to Start Balcony Composting in 15 Minutes or Less

How to Start Balcony Composting in 15 Minutes or Less

Balcony composting is a great way to reduce waste to the landfill while having fun making some great soil for next to no cost.  For those that don’t compost because they’re grossed out by worms or don’t have the time or space- this method may be the one for you.

All you need is two 5 gallon buckets or similar containers and a drill with a 1/8″ bit.  Drill holes in the sides and bottom of the top bucket, and then place it into the bottom bucket.  The bottom bucket functions as your leachate collection tray.

Now add a layer of shredded cardboard/shredded leaves/straw in the bottom, followed by a layer of food scraps.  Take note to avoid adding meat, dairy (crushed eggshells are fine), fish, pet waste or weeds that have gone to seed.  Adding some finished compost or soil is good to introduce other organisms into the system.  Simply alternate layers until the bucket is full, then put the lid on and start another.

I would not recommend adding water to the system, as plastic holds moisture quite well…however, the consistency of a “wrung out sponge” is ideal, so keep that in mind.  Adding urine in the beginning helps bring some extra nitrogen to the process as well.

Pros/Cons of this system:

+Requires little effort or space
-Hard to harvest finished compost
-Not easy to rotate material (stirring it with a stick can help)

Have you tried this before?  Leave a comment and let me know your experience with this.  I feel weird not making this video sooner, as I’ve made videos for compost bins, tumblers and vermicomposting systems, yet I haven’t focused on simply composting on my balcony to inspire those of you that are strapped for space.  It’s better late than never, so I hope you get started!

When is Your Compost Ready to Use? (video)

When is Your Compost Ready to Use?

When is your compost ready to use? Some questions to ask yourself include:

How does it look?
Can you recognize any of the material?
How does it smell?
Is the material warm?

Here I have a few different samples of compost…vermicompost, tumbler compost, commercial compost, and trench compost.

What do you think of these samples?  I feel like my tumbler compost and vermicastings could both go even longer before using them, but that they’re still OK if I were to use them now.  In fact, I’m going to use these samples for my next “Clash of The Composts!” experiment coming soon… stay tuned!

It doesn’t need to be fancy…

When I visited home for the holidays, I had to take a look and see what my mom’s old composting area looked like.  This really spun me out because I remember making this little frame out of cinder blocks a long time ago and it looked good.  What’s funny is that if you want to compost, you can make do with this just fine…just make space and add stuff to it in appropriate quantities.

Next to this was a nice looking compost bin…again, it does the trick.  You can add material nice and high and it stays fairly organized.  Note the slits near bottom which double as a spot to anchor it to the ground as well as provide some needed air circulation.  Way to go, mom!

To start composting, all you really need is a little space and a rough idea of what to do…that’s really it.  It can be as simple or complex as you want it to be.

The following day I got to go out into the wilderness and I found myself thinking about how much the animals would appreciate all the food scraps that people throw away, especially during the winter.  Who wouldn’t want to feed this guy?

Top Tips for Composting at Home (video)

Top Tips on How to Make Compost at Home

About time I make a video on how to compost, eh?  I’m only a year into having this website…not bad!

Since I live in the city, using a compost tumbler is the best choice for me. However, using a bin, worm trays, or just making a heap all have the following tips in common.

My top tips for composting at home:
-Stick to the 3:1 ratio for browns (leaves, cardboard, paper, straw) and greens (food waste, coffee grounds, grass clippings)
-Shred your materials to speed up decomposition and avoid clumping, which impedes airflow
-Pile should be moist as a “wrung out sponge”
-Turn your pile each week to hasten decay
-Add a shovelful of dirt to introduce essential organisms

AVOID composting:
-Meat, dairy, fish and excessively oily foods
-Plastics, glass & aluminum
-Pet waste
-Coal ash and charcoal
-Weeds that have gone to seed

Q: Pile isn’t heating up.
A: Either add a fresh green source or if too dry add water.

Q: This pile stinks!
A: Add more browns and aerate.

Any questions?  You know what to do.